Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party
(Partial revision of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, adopted on October 24, 2017)
The Communist Party of China is the vanguard of the Chinese working class. It is also the vanguard of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is the core of leadership for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, represents the development requirements of China's advanced productive forces, represents the direction of China's advanced culture, and represents China's most The fundamental interests of the broad masses of the people. The party’s highest ideal and ultimate goal is to achieve communism.
The Communist Party of China takes Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents", the Scientific Outlook on Development, and Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as its own guide to action.
Marxism-Leninism reveals the laws governing the historical development of human society. Its basic principles are correct and have strong vitality. The supreme ideal of communism pursued by the Chinese Communists can only be realized on the basis of the full development and highly developed socialist society. The development and improvement of the socialist system is a long-term historical process. Adhering to the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism and taking the path that the Chinese people voluntarily choose is suitable for China's national conditions, China's socialist cause will surely achieve its ultimate victory.
The Chinese Communists, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practices of the Chinese revolution and founded Mao Zedong Thought. Mao Zedong Thought is the application and development of Marxism-Leninism in China. It is a correct theoretical principle and experience summary of the Chinese revolution and construction that has been proved by practice. It is the crystallization of the collective wisdom of the Chinese Communist Party. Under the guidance of Mao Zedong Thought, the Communist Party of China led the people of all nationalities in the country, and after a long-term revolutionary struggle against imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism, it won the victory of the new-democratic revolution and established the people's democratic dictatorship of the People's Republic of China; After the founding of New China, the socialist transformation was successfully carried out, the transition from new democracy to socialism was completed, the basic socialist system was established, and the socialist economy, politics and culture were developed.
Since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, summed up the positive and negative experiences since the founding of New China, emancipated the mind, sought truth from facts, realized the transfer of the whole party's work center to economic construction, and implemented reform and opening up. It opened up a new era of socialist development, gradually formed the line, principles, and policies for building socialism with Chinese characteristics, clarified the basic problems of building socialism, consolidating and developing socialism in China, and founded Deng Xiaoping Theory. Deng Xiaoping Theory is the product of the combination of Marxism-Leninism's basic principles with contemporary Chinese practice and the characteristics of the times. It is the inheritance and development of Mao Zedong Thought under the new historical conditions. It is a new stage of Marxism development in China and a contemporary Chinese Marx. Doctrine is the crystallization of the collective wisdom of the Communist Party of China and guides the continuous advancement of China's socialist modernization cause.
Since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, Chinese Communists, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, have deepened their understanding of what is socialism, how to build socialism and what kind of party, and how to build it. The party’s understanding has accumulated valuable experience in governing the party and the country, and formed the important thinking of the "three represents." The important thinking of the "Three Represents" is the inheritance and development of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and Deng Xiaoping Theory. It reflects the new requirements of the development of the contemporary world and China for the work of the party and the state, and strengthens and improves party building and promotion. The powerful theoretical weapon of China's socialist self-improvement and development is the crystallization of the collective wisdom of the Chinese Communist Party and the guiding ideology that the party must adhere to for a long time. Always "three represents" is the foundation of our party's party building, the foundation of governance, and the source of strength.
Since the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Communist Party of China, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, has adhered to Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the 'Three Represents' as a guide. Based on the new development requirements, he has profoundly recognized and answered what kind of development has been achieved under the new situation. And how to develop and other major issues have formed a scientific development concept based on people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development. The scientific outlook on development is a scientific theory that is in line with the Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, and the important thinking of the "Three Represents". It is a concentrated expression of Marxist world outlook and methodology on development, and is a Marxist China. The major achievements are the crystallization of the collective wisdom of the Communist Party of China and the guiding ideology that must be adhered to for a long time to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Since the 18th National Congress, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Xi Jinping as the main representative, have responded to the development of the times and systematically answered the socialism with Chinese characteristics adhered to and developed in the new era, and how to persist in and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. This major era issue created Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the inheritance and development of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents", and the scientific development concept. It is the latest achievement of Marxism in China and the practical experience of the party and the people. The crystallization of collective wisdom is an important part of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is a guide for the whole party and the people of the whole country to strive for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It must be sustained and developed for a long time. Under the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the Communist Party of China led the people of all nationalities in the country to unite the great struggle, the great project, the great cause, the great dream, and promote the socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era.
The fundamental reasons for all achievements and progress since reform and opening up have come down to: opening up the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, forming a theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, establishing a socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and developing a socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. The comrades of the whole party should cherish, cherish, and continuously develop this road, the theoretical system, this system, and this culture that the party has experienced through hardships, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and strengthen road confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and culture. Confidence, implement the party's basic theory, basic line, and basic strategy, realize the three historical missions of "two hundred years" and realize China's three historical tasks: promoting the modernization drive, accomplishing the reunification of the motherland, safeguarding world peace, and promoting common development. Struggle for the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the nation.
China is in and will be in the early stages of socialism. This is an insurmountable historical stage in the construction of socialist modernization in China, which was originally backward in economic culture. It takes hundreds of years. China's socialist construction must proceed from China's national conditions and follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At this stage, the main contradiction in our society is the contradiction between the people’s growing needs for a better life and the development of inadequate imbalances. Due to domestic factors and international influences, class struggle still exists for a long time within a certain range. Under certain conditions, it may be intensified, but it is no longer a major contradiction. The fundamental task of China's socialist construction is to further liberate the productive forces, develop productive forces, and gradually realize socialist modernization, and to this end reform the relations of production and the aspects and links in the superstructure that are not adapted to the development of productive forces. We must uphold and improve the basic economic system in which the public ownership is the mainstay and the multiple ownership economies develop together. We must adhere to and improve the distribution system in which distribution according to work is the mainstay and multiple modes of distribution coexist, and encourage some regions and some people to get rich first and gradually eliminate poverty. To achieve common prosperity, on the basis of production development and social wealth growth, we will continue to meet the people's growing needs for a better life and promote the all-round development of people. Development is the top priority of our party in governing and rejuvenating the country. We must adhere to the people-centered development thinking and adhere to the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing. All work must be conducive to the development of the productive forces of a socialist society, to the enhancement of the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries, to the improvement of the people’s living standards, as a general starting point and testing standard, respect for labor, respect for knowledge, respect for talents, Respect for creation, development for the people, development depends on the people, and development results are shared by the people. Entering the new century, China has entered a new stage of development in building a well-off society in an all-round way and accelerating socialist modernization. In accordance with the overall layout of the "five in one" and the "four comprehensive" strategic layout of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, we must coordinate the promotion of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction, and ecological civilization construction, coordinate and promote the comprehensive construction of a well-off society, and comprehensive deepening. Reform, comprehensively govern the country according to law, and strictly manage the party. In the new era of the new century, the strategic goal of economic and social development is to build a well-off society in an all-round way in the 100 years since the founding of the Party. By the time of the founding of the People's Republic of China, a new socialist modernization power will be built.
The basic line of the Communist Party of China in the primary stage of socialism is: to lead and unite the people of all nationalities in the country, to focus on economic construction, adhere to the four basic principles, adhere to reform and opening up, be self-reliant, and work hard to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, and harmonious society. Struggling with a beautiful socialist modernization power.
In leading the cause of socialism, the Communist Party of China must adhere to economic construction as the center, and all other tasks are subject to and serve this center. We must implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country through talents, the strategy of innovation-driven development, the strategy of rural revitalization, the strategy of regional coordinated development, the strategy of sustainable development, the strategy of integration of military and civilian development, giving full play to the role of science and technology as the primary productive force, and giving full play to innovation as a guide. The role of developing the first impetus, relying on scientific and technological progress, improving the quality of workers, and promoting higher quality, more efficient, fairer and more sustainable development of the national economy.
Adhering to the socialist road, upholding the people's democratic dictatorship, upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and adhering to the four basic principles of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought are the foundation of our country. In the entire process of socialist modernization, we must adhere to the four basic principles and oppose bourgeois liberalization.
Adhering to reform and opening up is our road to a strong country. Only by reform and opening up can we develop China, develop socialism, and develop Marxism. It is necessary to comprehensively deepen reform, improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must fundamentally reform the economic system that hampers the development of productive forces, and uphold and improve the socialist market economic system; in line with this, we must carry out political system reform and reforms in other fields. We must adhere to the basic national policy of opening to the outside world and absorb and draw on all the achievements of civilization created by human society. Reform and opening up should be boldly explored, bravely explored, improve the scientific nature of reform decisions, pay more attention to the systemic, holistic and synergistic nature of reform, and open up new paths in practice.
The Communist Party of China leads the people to develop a socialist market economy. Unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, and unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy. Give play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, give better play to the role of the government, and establish a sound macro-control system. Coordinate urban and rural development, regional development, economic and social development, harmonious development of people and nature, domestic development and opening up, adjust economic structure, transform economic development mode, and promote supply-side structural reform. Promote the simultaneous development of new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, build a new socialist countryside, take a new road to industrialization with Chinese characteristics, and build an innovative country and a world of science and technology.
The Communist Party of China leads the people in developing socialist democratic politics. Adhere to the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and ruling the country according to law, taking the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, expanding socialist democracy, building a socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, building a socialist country ruled by law, consolidating the people's democratic dictatorship, and building a society Political civilization. Adhere to and improve the system of people's congresses, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of grassroots self-government. We will develop a broader, more complete and more complete people's democracy, promote broad, multi-layered and institutionalized development of deliberative democracy, and effectively safeguard the people's right to manage state affairs and social affairs, and manage economic and cultural undertakings. Respect and protect human rights. Open up the road and establish systems and procedures for democratic elections, democratic decision-making, democratic management, and democratic supervision. We will improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, strengthen the implementation of the law, and realize the rule of law in all aspects of state work.
The Communist Party of China leads the people in developing advanced socialist culture. Building socialist spiritual civilization, combining the rule of law and the rule of virtue, improving the ideological and moral quality and scientific and cultural qualities of the whole nation, providing strong ideological guarantee, spiritual motivation and intellectual support for reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, and building a society A strong cultural country. Strengthening the construction of the socialist core value system, upholding the guiding ideology of Marxism, establishing the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, carrying forward the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation as the core, cultivating and practicing the core values of socialism, Advocate the socialist concept of honor and disgrace, strengthen the spirit of national self-esteem, self-confidence and self-reliance, resist the erosion of capitalist and feudal decadent ideas, remove all kinds of social ugly phenomena, and strive to make our people ideal, ethical, cultural, and disciplined. people. Party members must carry out the ideal education of communism. Vigorously develop education, science, and cultural undertakings, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese outstanding traditional culture, inherit the revolutionary culture, develop the advanced socialist culture, and improve the national cultural soft power. Firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work, continuously consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, and consolidate the common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire party and the people throughout the country.
The Communist Party of China leads the people to build a socialist harmonious society. In accordance with the general requirements of democracy and the rule of law, fairness and justice, honesty and friendship, full of vitality, stability and order, harmony between man and nature, and the principles of joint construction and common enjoyment, focusing on safeguarding and improving people's livelihood, and solving the people's most concerned and direct concern The most realistic issues of interests make the development results more fair and fair to the benefit of all the people, constantly enhance the sense of the people's gains, and strive to form a situation in which all the people can do their best and live in harmony. Strengthen and innovate social governance. Strictly distinguish and correctly handle contradictions between the two types of contradictions between the enemy and the enemy and the internal contradictions among the people. We will strengthen the comprehensive management of public security, resolutely crack down on various criminal activities and criminals that endanger national security and interests, endanger social stability and economic development, and maintain long-term social stability. Adhere to the overall national security concept and resolutely safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests.
The Communist Party of China leads the people in building a socialist ecological civilization. Establishing the concept of ecological civilization that respects nature, conforms to nature, and protects nature. Strengthening Green Water Mountain is the awareness of Jinshan Yinshan, adhering to the basic national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and adhering to the principle of saving priority, protecting priority and natural recovery. A path of civilization development with production development, affluent life and good ecology. We will work hard to build a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society, implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system, form a spatial pattern, industrial structure, production methods and lifestyles that conserve resources and protect the environment, create a good production and living environment for the people, and realize the Chinese nation. Sustainable development.
The Communist Party of China insists on the armed forces of the People's Liberation Army and other people